Bhutan is a landlocked country located in the Eastern Himalayas in South Asia. It is bordered by China to the north, Tibet Autonomous Region, and by India to the south, east, and west. Thimphu is the capital and largest city of Bhutan. The country is known for its stunning landscapes, rich biodiversity, and a unique approach to governance that prioritizes Gross National Happiness (GNH) over traditional economic measures.
Bhutan is a constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary democracy. The King of Bhutan is the head of state, and the political system includes a bicameral parliament. The fourth king, Jigme Singye Wangchuck, introduced democratic reforms in the early 2000s. Bhutan has a rich cultural heritage influenced by Tibetan Buddhism. The country is known for its unique architecture, including dzongs (fortresses), monasteries, and traditional Bhutanese houses. The dress code, language, and customs are deeply rooted in Bhutanese tradition.
Bhutan is committed to environmental conservation, and it is one of the few countries in the world that is carbon-neutral. The constitution mandates that at least 60% of the country’s total land area must be maintained under forest cover. Bhutan has a regulated approach to tourism, aiming to preserve its unique culture and environment. Visitors are required to pay a daily fee, and tourism is guided to ensure a low-impact, high-value experience.
Bhutan has a close relationship with India, which provides significant economic and developmental assistance. The two countries share historical, cultural, and economic ties, and Bhutan’s foreign policy is often closely aligned with India’s interests.
Bhutan’s commitment to environmental sustainability, cultural preservation, and the unique governance approach make it an interesting and distinct nation in the global context.